Jesse A Jackson
& the "Southern
built 1858 in Murfreesboro, NC
to be a regular packet, "the Chowan," between
Murfreesboro & New York City
from John W. Moore's History
of North Carolina Vol 2, page 110.
"Jesse A Jackson, an
adventurous and visionary man, came to our limits from New Jersey. After keeping a store for several years at Pine Tree,
he removed to
Murfreesboro. He was the contractor for making the bricks used in the
construction of the two female colleges and had realized profit in the
With the help of Glines & Graham, a New York commission
house, and the contributions of numerous citizens of this vicinity, a
fund was raised to build a steamer, which was to become a regular packet
[the "Chowan"] between Murfreesboro and the great city on
Manhattan Island. Thirty thousand dollars were consumed in the
construction of the ship at Murfreesboro and upon her engines built at
Wilmington, Delaware. This craft was of beautiful model and was destined
to become famous. Glines & Graham failed in their business, an
the North Carolina stockholders fearful that their investments would end
in loss, stopped their advancements.
Poor Jesse Jackson got into a sea
of troubles. Suits and demands thickened upon him. He was forced to see
the sheriff sell the object of all his hopes, and the "Southern
Star" became the property of John W. Southall and one, Capt. Thomas
Badger, who had recently escaped from the foundering steamship,
which perished at sea with her gallant commander Captain Henderson. The
new owners towed their purchase to Wilmington [Del}, where she received her
engines and was fitted for the sea.
She was soon sold to the United
States government, and being rechristened "Crusader" became
renowned in her brilliant success against the slave traders. Time
and again she over-hauled the swiftest keels engaged in that nefarious
business, and nipped in the bud projects of our own infatuated people,
some of whom in the Gulf States in defiance of law and humanity, had
commenced the importation of the wretched Africans into our own country.
Jess Jackson never recovered from the blow received in his great
disappointment. Fresh disasters came upon him and after years of
unavailing struggle, at the end of the late war he left our county to
seek his bread in other quarters."
From the U S Naval Historical Center
& Murfreesboro Historical Society
The Crusader was originally chartered for the
expedition to Paraquay in 1859. Later that year she was purchased and
served in Cheasapeake Bay during the war.
The Crusader was built in
Murfreesboro, NC 1858.
It was acquired by the US gov. Oct 1858 commissioned 27 Oct 1858.
[It was formerly the Southern Star.]
Tonnage: 545 tons B, 469 n/r
Dimensions: 169' x 28' x 12'6"
Machinery: 1 screw, 2 inclined direct-acting engines (23" x
2'2"), 1 boiler, 8 knots
Armament: 1861: 4 32-pdr/33, 1 12-pdr H. Sep 62; add 2 20-pdr. R.
Notes: Three-masted bark, wood
Home Sqn 1859-61. Captured slaver "William R Kibby," 23 Jul
SAt/BS Jan-Jul 1862. NAt/BS Sep 1862. Chesapeake Bay, 1862-65. Decomm 13
Jun 1865. Sold 20 Jul 1865.
Prizes: 14 May 1861: Wanderer, 20 May: Neptune; 22 Jun: President
Filmore; 20 Feb 1863: General Taylor; 22 Feb: A P Upshur; 9 Mar: Henry A
Wise; 14 Mar: Jemina; 22 May 1864: Isaac L Adkins; 27 Feb 1865:
Later History: Merchant Kalorama,
1865. Wrecked south of San Buernaventura 25 Feb 1876.
According to Dr.
Thomas C Parramore in "Trial Separation: Murfreesboro, North
Carolina and the Civil War" the draughtsman & builder of
the ship at Murfreesboro was John K. Kirkman who attached her at the
August 1857 Ct in Hertford County for payment of $4,996.18 owed him by
the New York and North Carolina Steamship Company.
Tree Store Community
21 October 2009